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    block this user Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

    Independent researcher

    Las Vegas Naveda
    Trivedi Global Inc.
    Trivedi Science Research Laboratory Pvt. Ltd

    Characterization of Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of Chitosanand Sodium Alginate after Biofield Treatment

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    Chitosan (CS) and sodium alginate (SA) are two widely popular biopolymers which are used for biomedical andpharmaceutical applications from many years. The objective of present study was to study the effect of biofieldtreatment on physical, chemical and thermal properties of CS and SA. The study was performed in two groups(control and treated). The control group remained as untreated, and biofield treatment was given to treated group.The control and treated polymers were characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, CHNSOanalysis, X-ray diffraction (XRD), particle size analysis, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetricanalysis (TGA). FT-IR of treated chitosan showed increase in frequency of –CH stretching (2925→2979 cm-1) vibrations with respect to control. However, the treated SA showed increase in frequency of –OH stretching(3182→3284 cm-1) which may be correlated to increase in force constant or bond strength with respect to control.CHNSO results showed significant increase in percentage of oxygen and hydrogen of treated polymers (CS andSA) with respect to control. XRD studies revealed that crystallinity was improved in treated CS as compared tocontrol. The percentage crystallite size was increased significantly by 69.59% in treated CS with respect to control.However, treated SA showed decrease in crystallite size by 41.04% as compared to control sample. The treatedSA showed significant reduction in particle size (d50 and d99) with respect to control SA. DSC study showed changesin decomposition temperature in treated CS with respect to control. A significant change in enthalpy was observedin treated polymers (CS and CA) with respect to control. TGA results of treated CS showed decrease in Tmax withrespect to control. Likewise, the treated SA also showed decrease in Tmax which could be correlated to reduction inthermal stability after biofield treatment. Overall, the results showed that biofield treatment has significantly changedthe physical, chemical and thermal properties of CS and SA.

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    Title : Characterization of Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of Chitosanand Sodium Alginate after Biofield Treatment
    Author(s) : Mahendra Kumar Trivedi
    Abstract : Chitosan (CS) and sodium alginate (SA) are two widely popular biopolymers which are used for biomedical andpharmaceutical applications from many years. The objective of present study was to study the effect of biofieldtreatment on physical, chemical and thermal properties of CS and SA. The study was performed in two groups(control and treated). The control group remained as untreated, and biofield treatment was given to treated group.The control and treated polymers were characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, CHNSOanalysis, X-ray diffraction (XRD), particle size analysis, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetricanalysis (TGA). FT-IR of treated chitosan showed increase in frequency of –CH stretching (2925→2979 cm-1) vibrations with respect to control. However, the treated SA showed increase in frequency of –OH stretching(3182→3284 cm-1) which may be correlated to increase in force constant or bond strength with respect to control.CHNSO results showed significant increase in percentage of oxygen and hydrogen of treated polymers (CS andSA) with respect to control. XRD studies revealed that crystallinity was improved in treated CS as compared tocontrol. The percentage crystallite size was increased significantly by 69.59% in treated CS with respect to control.However, treated SA showed decrease in crystallite size by 41.04% as compared to control sample. The treatedSA showed significant reduction in particle size (d50 and d99) with respect to control SA. DSC study showed changesin decomposition temperature in treated CS with respect to control. A significant change in enthalpy was observedin treated polymers (CS and CA) with respect to control. TGA results of treated CS showed decrease in Tmax withrespect to control. Likewise, the treated SA also showed decrease in Tmax which could be correlated to reduction inthermal stability after biofield treatment. Overall, the results showed that biofield treatment has significantly changedthe physical, chemical and thermal properties of CS and SA.
    Keywords : Biofield treatment; Chitosan; Sodium alginate; Fouriertransform infrared spectroscopy; X-ray diffraction; Particle sizeanalysis

    Subject : pharmaceuticals
    Area : Open Access
    Language : English
    Year : 2015

    Affiliations Trivedi Global Inc.
    Trivedi Science Research Laboratory Pvt. Ltd
    Journal : Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta
    Volume : 6
    Issue : 10
    Publisher : Science PG
    Url : http://trivediscience.com/publications/pharmaceuticals-publications/characterization-of-physicochemical-and-thermal-properties-of-chitosan-and-sodium-alginate-after-biofield-treatment/
    Doi : 10.4172/21532435.1000430

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    Mahendra's Peer Evaluation activity

    Downloads 38303
    Views 200
    Following... 21
    • Alejandro Engelmann, Independent researcher, Library, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    • Selma Dorrestein, Student, Master Level, University of Amsterdam.
    • Francisco Herrera, Publisher, UNIVERSITY OF GRANADA.
    • Ralf Steinmetz, Professor, university.
    • Gregory Dudek, Professor, McGill University, School of Computer Science, Montreal, Canada.
    • Umberto Straccia, Senior Research Fellow, ISTI - CNR.
    • Sorin Cotofana, Associate Professor, Deft University of Technology, Faculty of Electrical Engineeting, Mathematics, and Computer Science. Computer Engineering, Delft, The Netherlands.
    • Stefan Trausan-Matu, Professor, Computer Science Department, Politehnica University of Bucharest, Research Institute for Artificial Intelligence.
    • Jean Quisquater, Professor, UCL Crypto Group.
    • Markus Jakobsson, Principal Research Fellow, PayPal, FatSkunk, Indiana University.
    • Michael Elad, Professor, Technion - Israel institute of Technology.
    • Andrew Lumsdaine, Professor, Indiana University.
    • Mikael Nilsson, Student, Ph.D. Level, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    • Emilie Combet, Lecturer, MVLS, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Centre for Population and Health Sciences, Life-course Nutrition and Health.
    • Werner Muller, Professor, Faculty of Life Science, University of Manchester, Manchester.
    • Syam Mohan, Senior Research Fellow, Pharmacology, University of Malaya, Malaysia.
    • Ramy K Aziz, Lecturer, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.
    • Paweł K. Jędrzejko, Associate Professor, Department of American and Canadian Studies of the Institute of English Cultures and Literatures, University of Silesia in Katowice, Poland.
    • Nader Ale Ebrahim, Independent researcher, Research Support Unit, Centre of Research Services, Institute of Research Management and Monitoring (IPPP), University of Malaya, Malaysia.
    • Kelli Barr, Student, Ph.D. Level, Department of Philosophy and Religion Studies, University of North Texas, Denton, TX.
    • Pandelis Perakakis, Post Doctorate, Economics department, Universitet Jaume I, Castellon.

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